How to write an influential scientific article?
How to write a scientific and influential article. Martin Gregory wrote more than a decade in Nature magazine:
«There are two types of scientific writing. One type to attract a reader and the other just to be referenced that this type II is rapidly expanding like an infectious disease.»
There seems to be very limited changes at this time. Still, large volumes of scientific papers are only studied by scholars and researchers interested in the subject, and those who study transient scholarly essays are more likely to refer to scientific articles in the scientific journals and journals. Despite the many articles on how to write correctly and comprehensively to draw readers’ attention, scientists should not miss the lack of appropriate guides for writing articles. Many journalists and professional writers of these two standard books focus on how to write good and scientific articles: the elements of stylistic styles (Stanck, White 1959) and about writing good (Zeinser 1976), while these books and their similar books for Many scientists are unknown. Although these books do not explicitly state how to write explicit scientific articles, they are very valuable in terms of how to organize the writing and writing of Shiva articles and contain useful information.
More importantly, such books carry an important message that writers should write for readers, not for themselves. Of course, many scholarly and medical articles contain long and vague content that misleads most readers and even those who are well aware of the subject.
Certainly there are limitations in the form and structure of scientific papers. In a scientific article, in addition to considering the points that are required by various journals, the introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion of the results in relation to the early theory must be brought. The nature of the scientific papers expressing the results and the discussion without errors creates limitations in how the article is written: the expression of results in passive sentences in that form is impersonal and the need to use different authorities also prevents Let the text of the article be well followed. However, these rules are so flexible that they can write a story that contains interesting and interesting content..
۱۰ commands for scientific and engaging writing
۱) There is an old thinking in architecture that says that the shape of objects follows their function. This thinking is also in the writing. Many scientists believe nothing is more important than the results of their articles. But the fact is that the first function of the paper was to convey the message to the reader and convince him of the value of the research. So, it’s best to reflect on the subject’s message before writing. It is even better to think about the results of the article before writing the title. Today’s scientists are less likely to express raw results, and their goal is to interpret the results better (Horton, 1995).
A writer may think of a subject in his mind clearly and clearly and does not need to describe and interpret, if the reader may not have such a thought at all. All doubts by various readers arise from the author’s thoughts that the subject is clear and obvious to the reader through a lot of discussion and discussion. Sometimes, the results that are not related to the subject matter are, as much as they are interesting, better to be deleted, and if these deleted results are useful, it would be better to discuss in another article.
A text must answer the main question and ignore this issue because of the common reasons readers are reluctant to the subject (Lambert et al2003). This question must be specific, new, interesting and welcome to the scientific community (Perneger & Hudelson , 2004). The readers of the superspecial journals are not interested in lengthy explanations of the topic, while in general journals, there is a need for additional descriptions to create an appropriate scientific background for readers. Generally, scientists should put themselves in the position of readers and examine the depth and detail of the reader’s point of view.
۲) The other is the use of proper techniques and techniques while following the style of writing essays. (David Reese)
Such a statement states that in a medical, scientific or any other article, the author must persuade the reader to use the common vocabulary to read the article. At the same time, in spite of the effort to make the content of the material alive, the observations and facts presented in the articles should never be influenced by the speech of the clergy.
For example, in an essay, there is no need to use complex traits and arguments, and if the expression of results and reasoning are logical, the reader does not need unnecessary and unnecessary words to better understand the subject. Unnecessary words should be deleted. A powerful writing is usually concise. This applies to public writings. The larger the lengths and complex combinations and the additional explanation in parentheses in one book, the readers and even the enthusiasts of the subject keep away from continuing the study. The best and most reliable way to draw the attention of readers is to express explicit, concise and explicit material.
۳) Readers expect to find any particular information contained in an article at its specific location. If there are many movements in the places where information is provided, for example, some of the results, without mentioning in the findings of the article, are being evaluated and interpreted in the discussion, make the reader confused. It is better to exclude items that are not intended to be discussed.
۴) The title is the most important phrase of an article. If the reader does not take a note from the title, he does not continue to read it. Longer titles contain more information but attract less attention, especially in people who look at articles quickly and instantly from the titles in the magazine list. Shortcodes are more appealing, but they may not make perfect sense. Titles that use phrases are more appealing to readers, but they should not be used to explain content content. Finally, when choosing the proper title, it’s even better for the author to put the reader in the position.
۵) The summary of the article is also about the title, sometimes only on the basis of the summary of the article, a reader decides to read the article or put it aside. No matter how valuable a price item is, the reader will not be interested in continuing the study, if not summarized.
The abstract is written in two forms;
The free type, which includes a paragraph, is mostly used in molecular papers and cell biology, and the type of structure in which each of the four sections of the article is observed and is used most in clinical articles. If it is better to summarize before writing the article, or after it’s finished, it is better to have both methods tested and tested once and then choose the most appropriate method.
۶) There is a great deal of difference between the review of the texts and the introduction of the article; the introduction should not be limited to reviewing texts as much as possible. Its main purpose is to draw up a map, which the author first generally calls for a review of the subject, and then by showing the methods To the main question, which is the same goal of the article,
arrives. A brief history that highlights the importance of the study, as well as the previous information in this field and the existing defects, is generally presented in the introduction.
۷) Materials and methods in the article should be presented in a detailed and detailed way. So that other researchers can do it. A common mistake in this section is that some details are not necessary to exclude the reader from understanding the correct way of doing the study, so putting yourself in place of the reader is also very helpful in this section.